Is It an Allergy—or Is It a Cold?
April 2016

Spring has sprung—or it’s just about to. That means spring allergies are “blooming,” too. But
sometimes it’s hard to tell the difference between a cold and a seasonal allergy, also known as
hay fever. Here are some signs to look for and ways to find relief.

Know the signs.  Both colds and allergies can cause sneezing, stuffiness, or a runny nose. But
there are telltale differences between a cold and seasonal allergy. Ask yourself these five
questions. The more times you answer “yes,” the greater the chance the culprit is a seasonal

    1.        Are plants starting to flower (or leaves starting to fall?) A change of season means
    this is more likely an allergy—your body’s response to airborne allergens (substances
    such as pollen that cause allergies). Colds are most common in winter months, and are
    caused by viruses that show up in any environment.
    2.        Did your symptoms appear suddenly and last more than a week? Cold symptoms
    tend to appear more gradually but go away more quickly.
    3.        Are your eyes watery and itchy? Allergens can inflame the clear membrane
    covering your inner eyelid and eyeball.
    4.        Are you free of a fever? Allergies don’t cause fevers, but colds can.
    5.        Is the nasal discharge thin and clear? By contrast, a thick, yellow or green
    discharge may accompany a cold.1

Limit triggers. Birch, cedar, cottonwood, and pine are big allergy triggers in the spring. The
other plants that cause problems depend upon where you live.

Just when you’re itching to get outdoors after a long winter, you may be better off staying
inside. Try to limit your outdoor activities on days with high pollen counts—especially between
10 am and 4 pm, when pollen counts are highest. Windy days are the worst because wind can
really kick up the pollen. You can find pollen counts for your area through the National Allergy
Bureau (NAB). Here you can also sign up for personalized email pollen alerts.2

In addition, keep windows closed at home and in your car. For extra protection, you might try
adding a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter to your furnace or air conditioner. It also
helps to take an afternoon or early evening shower to keep pollen off your pillow. Likewise, at
the end of the day, wipe off any pets that have been outdoors. And, take off your shoes before
coming inside to keep from tracking in pollen.3,4

Allergy relief aids. So right about now, you may be thinking: But how do I get relief? I can
advise you about over-the-counter (OTC) remedies. Antihistamines treat symptoms such as
sneezing and itchy nose or throat. Nasal or oral decongestants can help with nasal stuffiness.
Eye drops relieve itchiness. Please don’t hesitate to ask me any questions you have about side
effects or how long you can safely use these drugs.

If OTC drugs don’t do the trick, you might want to see an allergist, a doctor who specializes in
treating allergies. Some people need other medications or allergy shots to feel better.4

Nothing herein constitutes medical advice, diagnosis or treatment, or is a substitute for professional
advice.  You should always seek the advice of your physician or other medical professional if you
have questions or concerns about a medical condition.

1.        Nemours Foundation: “A Cold or Allergies: Which Is It? Available at: http://kidshealth.
org/en/parents/coldvsallergy.html Accessed 2-25-16

2.        AAAAI: “Pollen Count Stations.” Available at:
counts.aspx Accessed 2-25-16.
AAAAI: “Spring Allergies.” Available at: https://www.aaaai.
pdf  Accessed 2-25-16.

4.        WebMD: “Allergy Relief Tips Wherever You Go.” Available at: http://www.webmd.
com/allergies/allergy-relief-10/spring-allergies Accessed 2-25-16.
Copyright 2015 Evergreen Pharmacy. All rights reserved.
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